1 year ago
On April 3, Kenyans woke up to the chilling news of the terrible attack on students at Garissa University College. The death toll rose to appalling 147 with about 79 casualties recorded. The Al-Shabaab terrorist group would unanimously claim responsibility. The incident brought back the unwelcome memories of the 1998 bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, and the more recent butchering of civilians in the Westgate Shopping mall in 2013 in a feat that was partly documented on national television. Terrorism, once again, had reared its hideous head.
While terrorism is treated as a universal menace, Kenya has had its share of the nightmare. In 1980, the Norfolk, a Jewish-owned hotel was attacked. Four years after the bombing of the US Embassy Israeli-owned Paradise hotel was bombed. On 28th November 2002 there were missile attacks on an Israel Plane after takeoff from Mombasa airport. Subsequently there was an attack on Kikambala Hotel when they were receiving Israeli tourists. The blast occurred just after 60 visitors had checked into the hotel, all of them from Israel. 13 were killed and 80 injured. Ten Kenyans died.
The statistics are staggering since these are the major occurrences recorded. Recently there have been attacks on holidayers on the coast of Libya. In Nigeria, the presence of Boko Haram is another example of this global crisis. The sect has been likened to the multiple headed hydras where one head is cut, there emerges two. Further afield, the USA had had to deal with the menace that is Al-Quaeda, with the memorable August 7th bombings that rocked the most powerful nation. USA went ahead to fight back, and with the death of veteran Osama bin Laden the horns of Al-Qaeda were considerably culled. Not so long afterwards, the Islamic State would emerge in the Asian territory. Hardly a week goes by without an act of terrorism taking place somewhere in the world, indiscriminately affecting innocent souls. Countering this scourge is in the interest of the United Nations and the issue has been on the agenda of the United Nations for decades now.
Terrorism, at its simplest, is defined as any act designed to cause terror. It is generally understood to feature a political objective, usually the politics of nationalism, ethnicity, religion, ideology or social class, among others. Definitions as to which acts will be considered terrorism will be more often subjective than objective.
Terrorist groups aim to cause widespread disruption, fear and intimidation and generally achieve global unrest which would work to their advantage. They use threats and violence to propagate their motives. Usually they motivate those who side with them while prosecuting those that go against them. They often aim to influence governments and are often opposed to existing ideologies like democracy, justice, freedom of worship and equality.
Though there are many types of terrorism like bioterrorism, narcoterrorism and the rest it’s the plan of the UN to come up with an effective strategy to destroy all this plans of terrorists in the world in order to bring economic growth and development together with global peace and harmony which will help nations realize their goals. Governments worldwide have opted to work side by side to openly shun terrorism and to combat the crisis. It is common knowledge that terrorism is universal and a single state cannot stand on its own against the menace. Recently the president of the US was in the country and combating terrorism was one of the main reasons for his visit.
We have different kinds of effects that are economic, political and social brought about by terrorism. Some of these effects include destruction of business and property for instance the Westgate saga brings injuries and deaths to innocent people and causes psychological trauma to the immediate victims. It also causes short term and long term impact on the economy of the attacked country while it enhances security, military and intelligence activities to deter future attacks. Terrorism creates publicity for groups or individuals initiating the attacks, which is often their objective.
We are looking forward to a day when terrorism will be history. But of course as we wait for the day to come some measures are supposed to be put in place to see to it that terrorism activities are not catalyzed. Dictators who fund terrorists should not be supported and drone assassination of innocent civilians should be stopped. Poverty alleviation strategies should be encouraged. This is because lack of resources to make ends meet has triggered the growth of this menace. Unemployment especially among the youth should be looked into. Youths are being recruited in the terror groups because they are given money to meet their needs. Corruption also contributes a lot to terrorism. Officers are bribed at the borders to allow weapons of mass destruction to get into the country.
1 year ago
I am sitting in my room and I just realize that in the past one week no one has visited me. Then I realize that I just dropped the last friend I had two weeks ago. In case you are wondering why I had to drop my one and only remaining friend then by the end of this article you will agree with me and probably drop yours too.
I report to school on time so that I can be able to register for my courses on time. Usually, course registration is normally done on the first two weeks of opening school. Anyone who reports after the two weeks is not only not allowed to register but also has no list of courses to choose from. This is because immediately the two weeks elapse, the list is removed from the notice board. My friend reports to school three weeks after the opening date and is thus a victim of these consequences. So what does she do? She will have to do each and every unit that I chose including my electives. Elective units are those we choose according to personal preferences. Being late also I have to update her of the classes that have started, when and what time they are and those that are yet to start. All this I do religiously because she is my friend. To her I am her link between the department and her.
This friend of mine is also very forgetful incase I didn’t mentioned that. So on top of updating her I also have to remind her one hour before the class begins. If I don’t, then she will not attend the class because I informed her on a short notice. How can this be short notice when I gave her all the information on the classes on her late reporting date? To her I am her alarm.
Short notice amounts to not attending classes. Not attending classes means she has no notes. I attend all the classes and take notes because that is what brought me to school. I can’t sleep the whole day because at the end of the end of the day I will have to look for pain killers for my back. My friend did not attend class so I had to sign the class attendance list for her. Also the notes that I am writing are not mine alone. So I have to be as accurate as possible because another person is going to use the notes too. To her I am her personal secretary cum assistant.
Thank God for the end of semester examinations because my notes or rather our notes get into use. She did not bother to copy them so we have only one source; my note book. I am supposed to be this good friend to reach an agreement on how we are supposed to read for exams using this one note book. She cannot copy them since the semester has come to an end and photocopying them it is a waste of money as the notes will not be used again. To her I am her friend send from heaven.
Now to the reason as to why I broke our friendship. Did I mention that my friend reports late to school? What I didn’t say is that she also does not book herself a room to stay in. She buys it from a person who had the trouble of logging into the students’ portal, book a room, queue almost the whole day to get a green form after confirming that she has nil school fees, pick her mattress and sign into her room. For one reason or the other she is not going to stay in her room and therefore has to sell it to the likes of my friend. This time round my friend was not so lucky to get one I had to lie to stay into my room, because despite being a heaven sent friend I can never agree to stay with her for reasons well known to myself.
One day she comes late to my room from ‘cutting water’ and in the wee hours of the morning vomits on my bedding. Alcohol or any other food stuff only smells good when going to the mouth but you won’t like it when it comes out either through the mouth or the normal way of getting rid of waste products. When drunk what we have locked up in our minds come out and my friend blurted it all out just because I woke her up to prevent the not so good smelling vomit from socking into my mattress. She said that I have never liked her especially the fact that she was staying in my room and that I have always looked for a reason to kick her out. Lucky enough my roommate was not in and I had to finish the rest of my sleep in her bed. When I woke up the first thing was to kick my one and only remaining friend out of my room and also out of my life.
I have officially accepted that I have no friend and moved on with my life. Whoever that wishes to make friends with me and does not have the above discussed qualities is free to apply.